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Z TEST in Excel

With the help of the Z-Test, we compare the means of two datasets in Excel that are equal or not. In Excel, we have a function for Z-Test named as ZTest, where, as per syntax, we need to have Array and X value (Hypothesized sample mean) and Sigma value (Optional). Mostly X is a minimum of 95% probability, which can take from 0 to 5. Another way of doing Z-Test is from the Data Analysis option from the Data menu tab. There we would need 2 variable ranges, 2 variances of each range. If Z < Z Critical then we will reject the null hypothesis.

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Z TEST Formula in Excel

Below is the Z TEST Formula:

Z TEST Formula has the below arguments:

Array:  Test the hypothesized sample mean for the given set of values.

X: The hypothesized sample mean, which requires a test.

Sigma: This is an optional argument that represents the population standard deviation. If it’s not given or unknown, use the sample standard deviation.

How to Use the Z Test Function in Excel?

There are two ways to use Z TEST in Excel, which are:

You can download this Z TEST Excel Template here – Z TEST Excel Template

One sample Z TEST

Two sample Z TEST

One sample Z TEST:

If we have given one dataset, we use the Z TEST function, which falls under the statistical functions category. This Z TEST function in Excel gives the one-tailed probability value of a test.

Z TEST function:

This function gives you the probability that the supplied hypothesized sample mean is greater than the mean of the supplied data values.

Z TEST Function is very simple and easy to use.

Working of Z TEST Function in Excel with Examples

Let’s understand the working of the Z TEST Function in Excel with some examples.

Example #1

We have given the below set of values:

To calculate the one-tailed probability value of a Z Test for the above data, let’s assume the hypothesized population mean is 5. Now we will use the Z TEST formula as shown below:

The result is given below:

Using the above result, we can also calculate the two-tailed probability of a Z TEST.

The formula below calculates the two-tailed P-value of a Z TEST for the given hypothesized population, which is 5.

The result is given below:

Two Sample Z Test:

While using the Z Test, we test a null hypothesis that states that the two population’s mean is equal.

H0: µ1 – µ 2 = 0

H1: µ1 – µ 2 ≠ 0

Where H1 is called an alternative hypothesis, the mean of the two populations is not equal.

Let’s take an example to understand the usage of two sample Z tests.

Example #2

Let’s take the example of student’s marks in two different subjects.

Now we need to calculate the variance of both subjects, so we will use the below formula for this:

The above formula applies for Variance 1 (Subject 1) like below:

The result is given below:

The above same formula applies for Variance 2 (Subject 2) like below:

The result is given below:

Now, Go to the Data Analysis tab in the extreme upper right corner under the DATA tab as shown below screenshot:

It will open a dialog box with Data Analysis options.

It will open a dialog box for Z-test, as shown below.

Now in the Variable 1 range box, select subject 1 range from A25:A35

Similarly, in the Variable 2 range box, select subject 2 range from B25:B35

Under the Variable 1 variance box, enter cell B38 variance value.

Under the Variable 2 variance box, enter cell B39 variance value.

The result is shown below:


Thus, the means of both populations don’t differ significantly.

Things to Remember

Z test is only applicable for two samples when the variance of both populations is known. While using the Z Test function below error occurs:

#VALUE! error: If the value of x or Sigma is non-numeric.

#NUM! error: If the Sigma argument value equals zero.

#N/A error: If the dataset values or passed array is empty.

#DIV/0! error: This error occurs in two conditions:

If the given array contains only one value.

The sigma is not given, and the standard deviation is zero of the passed array.

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This has been a guide to Z TEST in Excel. Here we discuss the Z TEST Formula and how to use the Z TEST Function in Excel, along with practical examples and downloadable Excel templates. You can also go through our other suggested articles –

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