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Introduction to Java dumps

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others


There is no specific syntax for Java dumps as the need for java dumps depends upon the root cause of the problem, which can be varied, as mentioned. So, this syntax flow is when the user needs to diagnose the root cause and want to perform analysis using the jcmd tools just by sending required requests to the JVM, and it is mandatory to use the same system at the runtime which is used for sending this request to the machine and the Java program. So, the Syntax is defined as follows:

where the parameters passed are :

How dumps work in Java?

Workflow for Java Dumps is very interesting with the fact that it provides a huge aid to the end-user or the programmer at the time of machine crash or any unexpected halt in the system due to varied reasons being mentioned like network outage, memory error, etc. Furthermore, any form of error hindering the Java program execution can be saved by using java Dumps for troubleshooting and diagnosis of the root cause. There are some scenarios based on which Dumps in Java works  which are as follows :

A scenario where the Java application might have crashed due to a general protection fault and automatically generates a java dump file. To overcome and understand the root cause, it is very much needed to understand the thread type or properly know the current thread in execution to easily identify the problem.

Another scenario can be due to the Java heaps running out of memory which also generates the Java dump automatically.

There might be a case of sudden hang as well where the user might have run the keystroke combination.

There are several ways to take care of the above scenarios, which mean to find the root cause and to catch the exceptions, which include many Java Dumps tools which have provided an ability of ease and flexibility to the end-users in terms of debugging and troubleshooting at the time of the immediate crash or any other not that much-preferred situation like halt or OutOfMemory events.

There are different ways to capture all the scenarios and their root cause by using Java dumps tools and technologies. They are very useful in troubleshooting memory leakage related problems and memory optimization problems. They are mostly stored in the binary formats in hprof files that can be visualized and analyzed using the following tools and technologies like :

Using JDK tools like jmap by providing proper process Id and file path incorporation to the tools.

Using jcmd, which is responsible for making the request and response, serves the JVM when the same machine in JVM is used for the head dump to read the root cause and acknowledgment.

JVisualVM is also a tool as part of JDK, which is used for enhancing and provides aid for scrutinizing the java dumps easily.

It is also possible to capture Dump automatically and programmatically and then get the output accordingly.

Example of Java dumps

This Example Demonstrates the thread performing deadlock on the resources, and now that they have acquired the locks on the resources there is a possibility of analysis of this deadlock on the resources with Java Dumps using the command in the command line mention.

public class Java_lock_Dump_Demo { public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException { Object ob_a = new Object(); Object ob_b = new Object(); Object ob_c = new Object(); Thread Java_lock_Dump_DemoThread1 = new Thread (new       Java_lock_Dump_Demo_Sync_Thread(ob_a, ob_b ), "Java_lock_Dump_DemoThread1"); Thread Java_lock_Dump_DemoThread2 = new Thread (new Java_lock_Dump_Demo_Sync_Thread(ob_b, ob_c ), "Java_lock_Dump_DemoThread2"); Thread Java_lock_Dump_DemoThread3 = new Thread (new Java_lock_Dump_Demo_Sync_Thread(ob_c, ob_a ), "Java_lock_Dump_DemoThread3"); Java_lock_Dump_DemoThread1.start(); Thread.sleep(3000); Java_lock_Dump_DemoThread2.start(); Thread.sleep(3000); Java_lock_Dump_DemoThread3.start(); } } class Java_lock_Dump_Demo_Sync_Thread implements Runnable { private Object ob_a; private Object ob_b; public Java_lock_Dump_Demo_Sync_Thread(Object ob_a, Object ob_b) { this.ob_a = ob_a; this.ob_b = ob_b; } @Override public void run() { String nm = Thread.currentThread().getName(); synchronized (ob_a) { System.out.println(nm + " acquire_the_lock_on_first_resource " + ob_a); try { Thread.sleep(10000); } catch (InterruptedException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } synchronized (ob_b) { System.out.println(nm + " acquire_the_lock_on_second_resource " + ob_b); } System.out.println(nm + " Release_the_lock_for_second_object " + ob_b); } System.out.println(nm + " Release_the_lock_for_first_object " + ob_a); System.out.println(nm + " Completed with the deadlock_test for acquiring the resource."); } }

How to get the dump of the above-compiled code it can be done using the following commands :

First, retrieve the process id using the following command in the command line: jsp

Then, after getting the process id run the following command in the command line :

jcmd 20528 GC.heap_dump C:Usersaduttaeclipse-workspaceMatcher_Examplesrc


Java Dumps is considered a very interesting feature in java as It provides programmers and users with the ability to get out of the unwanted and unexpected situations at the time of halt in the running program as well as when the machine goes out of memory space. It also provides the user with detailed and proper content for the root cause or the troubleshooting issue.

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This is a guide to Java dumps. Here we discuss How dumps work in Java and Example along with the code and output. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

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